戛納國際電影節（Festival De Cannes）亦譯作康城或坎城電影節，世界最大、最重要的電影節之一。1939年，法國為了對抗當時受意大利法西斯政權控制的威尼斯國際電影節，決定創辦法國自己的國際電影節。第二次世界大戰爆發使籌備工作停頓下來。大戰結束后,于1946年9月20日在法國南部旅游勝地戛納舉辦了首屆電影節。自創辦以來，除1948年、1950年停辦和1968年中途停斷外，每年舉行一次,為期兩周左右。原來每年9月舉行。1951年起，為了在時間上爭取早于威尼斯國際電影節,改在5月舉行。1956年最高獎為“金鴨獎”，1957年起改為“金棕櫚獎”，分別授予最佳故事片、紀錄片、科教片、美術片等。此外，歷年來還先后頒發過愛情心理電影、冒險偵探電影、音樂電影、傳記片、娛樂片、處女作、導演、男女演員、編劇、攝影、剪輯等獎。
戛納電影節因大海、美女和陽光(Sea Sex Sun)而被稱為3S電影節。每年盛事期間，在著名的海濱大道及附近的海灘上都會有眾多美女云集，期待著影界大腕、星探們的發掘，一圓她們的明星夢。
About the Festival
Here we are again in May 2011 for a new edition of the Cannes Film Festival. The story continues, the story begins, the story is invented and re-invented every year and at the same time, the festival team and the city of Cannes prepare to greet artists and professionals from around the world. With, shall we say, love, appetite and impatience.
For it seems that floating on the Croisette is a scent of lightness, desire and peace. If each edition has a particular mood, 2011 is already, even before the first screen lights up, very exciting. Why, how and when does public opinion decides that "Cannes will be great this year"? It's a mystery ... and rightly so. Consider what is required: the enthusiasm of the press at the announcement of the selection on April 14th, the arrival of the greatest filmmakers, actors and other film artists, the massive return of professionals, film-buffs, and a vibrant Film Market. As to the weather, unless our favorite Icelandic volcano acts alone over the skies of Europe, we have done everything to make it perfect.
This year, Cannes has installed a little innovation here and there: As a guest, Egyptian film culture, home of great cinema, has signaled to the world their desire for democracy and freedom and like Tunisia, which will is also present, shows how cinema moves to the rhythm of world events; a feast of selections for film crews to meet each other rather than in competition or rivalry, or the stress of an audience’s reaction; Jean-Paul Belmondo, back in Cannes to receive an ovation from the world of cinema; a Palme d'Or of Honor awarded at the opening ceremony to Bernardo Bertolucci from the Jury President Robert De Niro, as his actor in 1900, will look on with fondness.
Between Woody Allen’s Midnight in Paris at the opening of the festival and The Beloved by Christophe Honore closing, Cannes will deploy its charm, its mysteries and traditions: fifty films in the Official Selection, dozens of guests every day, hundreds of screenings, thousands of film-buffs. The Carnival of Animals too, by Camille Saint-Saens. We never tire of it either. Music!
A NEW FESTIVAL IS BORN
The International Film Festival was created on the initiative of Jean Zay, Minister for Education and Fine Arts, who was keen to establish an international cultural event in France to rival the Venice Film Festival.
The first edition of the Festival was originally set to be held in Cannes in 1939 under the presidency of Louis Lumière. However, it was not until over a year after the war ended that it finally took place, on 20 September 1946. It was subsequently held every September – except in 1948 and 1950 – and then every May from 1952 onwards.
The Festival de Cannes, which is managed by a Board of Directors, was registered as an “Association loi de 1901” (or non-profit association in France) in 1972.