奧斯卡金像獎Academy Awards, USA官方網站：http://www.oscars.org
奧斯卡金像獎（Academy Award）就是學院獎，由電影藝術與科學學院 （Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences） 頒發。 1928年設立，每年一次在美國的好萊塢舉行。半個多世紀來一直享有盛譽。它不僅反映美國電影藝術的發展進程而且對世界許多國家的電影藝術有著不可忽視的影響。
1927年5月，美國電影界知名人士在好萊塢發起組織一個“非盈利組織”，定名為電影藝術與科學學院（the Academy of motion picture Arts and Sciences，縮寫為A.M.P.A.S.）它的宗旨是促進電影藝術和技術的進步。學院決定對優秀電影工作者的突出成就給予表彰，創立了“電影藝術與科學學院獎”(Academy Award)，1931年后“學院獎”逐漸被其通俗叫法“奧斯卡金像獎”所代替，現在其正式名稱已鮮為人知。
About the Academy
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is the world's preeminent movie-related organization, with a membership of more than 6,000 of the most accomplished men and women working in cinema.
Although best known for its annual Oscar telecast, the Academy is involved in a wide array of education, outreach, preservation and research activities. The Academy's major non-Awards activities and facilities include:
Margaret Herrick Library
The Academy's renowned library has one of the world's most extensive and comprehensive research collections on the subject of motion pictures.
Academy Film Archive
Dedicated to the preservation and study of motion pictures, the Archive collects, restores, documents and provides research access to films.
Science and Technology Council
The Science and Technology Council provides a forum for technological cooperation within the entertainment industry, sponsors publications and educational activities, and preserves the history of motion picture science and technology.
The Academy presents a busy year-round calendar of film retrospectives, lecture series and exhibitions.
Educational and Outreach Activities
The Academy provides financial grants to film-related organizations and institutions, educates high school students about the crafts of filmmaking, and encourages and recognizes the achievements of future filmmakers.
Academy Museum of Motion Pictures
The Academy hopes to create a year-round Hollywood attraction that will feature permanent exhibitions, interactive installations and public programs exploring movies and how they have reflected and influenced world culture. A successful capital campaign is vital to bringing the museum to fruition; that campaign has not launched and no start date for it has yet been determined.
The Academy derives the majority of its revenue from the licensing of broadcast rights to the annual Academy Awards presentation.